Q.1 P137

Actual example concurs with various humanistic approaches than hypothetical. Ramadan presentation will use actual examples from Quran.

Q.1 P145

One of the comparisons that I have used when explaining something to a friend was how I felt that Hillary Clinton was a good candidate for the president. One example of contrast that I can use in favoring one position over the other is how Obama was a better president than Trump regarding how he handled Muslim issues. The Ramadan speech will compare Muslim lives to that of Prophet Muhammad.

Q.1 P148

One might know when they are making ethical decisions when they use correct, accurate, complete, unbiased and non-offensive evidence towards the target audience. Supporting materials strengthen the claims. My Ramadan presentation will use evidence from the Quran

Q.2 P156

The purpose of the speech is the bedrock of the main idea, and thus it has a positive or a negative influence. The main idea of my last speech is below the criteria that the chapter is promoting that and this is because the purpose was not directly linked to the main idea. The Ramadan presentation will ensure that the purpose of speech supports the main idea.

Q.2 P161

The principles of organization are the organizational patterns that are used by a speaker to convey the main ideas that make up a speech. I would prefer one pattern over another based on the nature of speech that I am to give. For instance, during Ramadan, I can give a speech based on fidelity because Ramadan is linked to the life experiences that Muslims have.

Q.2 P162

The strategic organization allows for a speech to be designed in a manner that elicits a response from the audience. The balance and symmetry ensure that all aspects of speech are emphasized. The number of main ideas allows for the considerations of how the audience might absorb the information, and the primacy and recency effect ensures that the primary focus is handled lastly. The last part of my Ramadan presentation will be about devotion to the Islamic principles for easier remembrance by the audience.

Q.2 P165

The function of transition is to assist with the flow of the speech. Examples of transition that are used include rhetorical questions and signposts. An example of transition during my Ramadan presentation is the use of signpost such as “another reason to be a devoted Muslim is the promise of a good life after death.”

Q.2 P171

The preliminary idea that I have regarding a good way of introducing my speech is the thesis statement that has the main idea of the speech. During the Ramadan presentation, I will begin like this “being a devoted Muslim is a way of living based on the teachings of Quran.”

Q.2 P176

The conclusion that I would use in my next speech is the revisiting of the introduction, and this is terms of preview and summary. An example of the conclusion of my next speech is “the goal of a devoted Muslim is to live according to the teachings of Quran.”

Q.3 P181

There are two types of outlines. The formal outline which is a full sentenced presentation that has references while keyword outline is a summary of the formal outline. It is important to use both outlines in my Ramadan speech as one will be detailed, and the other will be a summary that I can present to the class.

Q.3 P183

The use of a consistent system based on outlining symbols and indentations ensure that there is the identification of the relationship that exists between materials used as support and ideas through the designation of the various components of the speech. An example in my speech is the first main point which is “Ramadan is a strong pillar of Islam.”

Q.3 P188

Having a clear working outline that helps with brainstorming, thinking and conducting research. In my speech bout Ramadan, the speaking notes will be made from an outline regarding the significance of Ramadan.

Q.4 P197

Identification of a denotative language is through literal meaning that the word has, and a connotative language is based on the meaning of the word regarding its appearance and the perception that one has. Emotionally charged language can affect my emotions negatively or positively. In my speech about, Ramadan I intend to evoke hope to the audience through the use of encouraging words.

Q.4 P201

They have lost their originality and which affects their meaning. In my Ramadan speech I will avoid using “due to the fact that Allah is against sin,” but instead, I will use “because Allah dislikes sin.”

Q.4 P205

Active language is attractive to the listeners than passive language because it is captivating and it also commands attention. An example of a passive language to an active language is “Ramadan is practiced annually by Muslims” to “Muslims annually practice Ramadan.”

UA 10-1

Question 1

The first instance by Fredrick Douglass is when he mentioned that “it is wrong to make men brutes, to rob them of their liberty, to work them without wages.” The second is “to sell them at auction, to slander their families, to knock out their teeth, to burn their flesh.” Douglass’ use of vivid of language in these instances has appealed to my emotions regarding the pity that I feel for those who were slaves.

Question 2

“To flay their flesh with a lash.” It indicates the through beatings that the slaves received.

“To load their limbs with irons.” It indicates the hard labor that the slaves were subjected to.

Question 3

The speech might have made the listeners to rethink their position regarding the concept of slavery based on its negativity to the slaves.

Q.5 P221

Sounding good is speaking in an easier manner but having nothing much to say while being sound is having ideas that have passed the test of evidence as well as reasoning. A presentation regarding Ramadan will involve facts and reasoning borrowed from Quran

Q.5 P230

Extemporaneous delivery is when the speaker adapts to the audience and the situation. It works well when the speaker is passionate about the topic. For instance, my presentation about Ramadan will be extemporaneous.

Q.5 P234

Impromptu is speaking unplanned. Memorized is speaking from memory. The manuscript is speaking using a script. The advantage of impromptu is that it allows one to speak about what they have in mind and disadvantage is that one might not have a well-researched information. Memorized is advantageous as one speaks about what they know and disadvantage is that one is limited to what they have memorized. The manuscript is advantageous as one gives information that they have researched. A disadvantage is that it disconnects the speaker from the audience. I will apply a combination of manuscript and memorized speech during my Ramada presentation

Q.5 P237

If I am giving my presentation about Ramadan and an audience member is hostile, I would tell them to leave the room respectfully if they cannot follow the rules. If an audience member asks three questions in a row, I would answer them based on how they have been asked. If I cannot answer the asked question, I would admit my lack of idea about it, and I will inform the person that I will do more investigation about it. If there are no questions asked, I would thank the audience and take a seat.

Q.6 P245

Graphs can be used as to immediate, concrete and verisimilitude information. In my Ramadan presentation, I will use a graph to show the growth of Islam over the years.

Q.6 P251

Audio and visual presentation aids are widely available for speakers. Audio is advantageous because it makes it easier for the audience to hear the speaker and the disadvantage is that, it does not create a mental image. Visual is advantageous as it creates mental picture and its disadvantage is that it might not have sound. I will use both audio and visual in my Ramadan presentation.

Q.6 P254

I will ensure that my presentation is effective through the use of quality visual and audio aids. The video recordings and sounds regarding the Ramadan presentation will be of high quality.

Q.6 P256

The principles to remember are the use of the visuals as symbols through the power that they have and their application in promoting understanding. The presentation aids allow members to understand the presentation as they involve the source of information. My Ramadan presentation will involve visuals from well-known sources.

Q.7 P260

The overreaching purpose of an informative speech is to raise awareness and articulate alternatives. My informative speech about Ramadan will be to inform my audience about its importance.

Q.7 P263

A student might be told to give a presentation about an aspect of religion such as Ramadan. The effectiveness of this situation will be the description of the background of Ramadan and explanation of its importance.

Q.7 P264

Thesis: Ramadan is an activity that is religious in nature.

Ramadan entails special and specific prayers to Allah.

Ramadan involves fasting for all devoted Muslims.

Q.7 P271

The role of the listener-motivation when it comes to informative speech is to capture and maintain the audiences’ attention. In my Ramadan presentation, the relevance of the topic will be applied.

Q.7 P273

Ethical communication applies the use of evidence that is accurate, it encourages active listening and allows the audience to ask questions. In my presentation